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Open a New Path of Social Co-governing, Dalian Free Trade Area Having Launched a New Collaborative Supervision Mode of “Credit Supervision + Social Supervision”

In order to continue to deepen the reform of “delegatingpower, streamlining government, optimizing service”, promote the big data and “Internet+”supervision,accelerate the building of a system during and afterwards supervision that isclear in power and responsibility, fair and just, open and transparent, simpleand efficient, Dalian Free Trade Areahas launched a new collaborativesupervision mode of “credit supervision + social supervision”to promote therealization of a new pattern of social co-governing and collaborativesupervision in respect of during and afterwards supervision in which “theregulatory department determines the criteria, the operating enterprises makescommitments, the social forces supervises jointly, incentives are given forbeing honest and keeping faith”.This new mode, which makes an in-depthexploration and attempt to the building of a system of during and afterwardssupervision taking the market subject self-disciplining as the basis, the creditsupervision as the core, the collaborative supervision, social co-governing, riskprevention and control as the focal point, has a positive realisticsignificance and a driving role for further optimizing the businessenvironment, stimulating the vitality of the market subject.

        I.Main practices

        (I)Criteria determination by regulatory department

The pilot of the first round for the new mode ofcollaborative supervision has taken place by way of demonstration creation. Themarket regulatory department, on basis of screening the basic information ofthe market subject (size, establishment duration, background, etc.), thedynamic information of the market subject (annual report publicity, socialsecurity payment, tax payment, intellectual property right, etc.) and thesupervision information of the market subject (abnormal operation, serious lawand faith breaking, administrative penalty, double random inspection result,complaint and tipoff, etc.), has selected suchrepresentative enterprisesin thefields drawing high public attention and leading to a dispute on consumptioneasily as food and beverage units, automobile 4S shops, home furnishing market,etc., to participate in the demonstration creation activity. At the same time, thecriteria for supervision control, publicity, social supervision and creditassessment have been developed.

        (II)Operating enterprises make commitments

Various legal and statutory requirements have beenintegrated by taking the industrialcharacteristics as the guide. A checklist foradministrative inspection information has been made by holding the standard of fairnessand transparency, leniency in respect of accession and strict control. Againstthe administrative checklist, the market subjects havedrawn up a letter ofcommitment covering general industrial matters and enterprise characteristicmatters according to the services provided in the industry of affiliation orspecial product standards, and had it publicized to the society in a noticeableposition of the business premises in the form of publicity board. Theregulatory department has issuedthe exclusive QR code of credit commitment tothe market subjects participating in the demonstration creation and had theirletter of commitment double publicized on and off line.

        (III)Supervision by social forces jointly

In order to give full play to the market and social forces,solve the problem that the traditional supervision mode (random inspection in patrol,annual assessment/inspection, investigation and handling according to individualcomplaint cases) is not adapted to the new situation and new tasks, the newmode of collaborative supervision has mobilized the social public, internalemployees, consumers, news media and other social forces to participatejointly.Through the publicized market subject information and QR code, it isable to inquire the credit commitment status of a market subject and also ableto supervise, evaluate, complain and report the performance of the creditcommitmentsby the market subject. The regulatory department summarizes, analyzes,verifies and processes the information coming from social supervision. If anyenterprise commitment is found to be false after verification, the eligibilityof the market subject for demonstration creation will be cancelled with anadministrative penalty to be given to the act against laws and regulations. Theverification results will serve as an important reference indicatorin dynamiccredit evaluation to the market subjects, and the results will be publicized tothe society at the right time.

        (IV)Incentives for being honest and keeping faith

The importance of credit to market subjects has becomeincreasingly prominent.The regulatory department will make a regulatory credit re-evaluationtothe market subjects participating in the demonstration creation through the newmaterials submitted by them and the feedback information coming from the socialsupervision every quarter to remove the old and introduce the new, maintain theliquidity and improve the demonstration effect. Except punishment for faithbreaking and reverse constraint, positive incentives and increased creditrating will be given to those market subjects keeping faith and obtaining goodcomments without having them entered into the "double random and oneopen" checklist any longer, and daily inspection to the enterprises in thekey industries will be made less frequently. At the same time, assistance willbe given to those faith-keeping enterprises in issuing remotely non-violationcertificate, demonstration enterprise certificate and other materials to extenda credit enhancement support to the market subjects in bidding, administrativelicensing, competition for honorary titles and other fields.

        II.Practical effect

        (I)Realizing the turning from rigid supervision to flexible supervision

The traditional supervision mode is strongly rigid, underwhichthe regulatory department forces the market subjects to fulfill theirresponsibilities and relevant obligations by means of administrative inspectionand administrative punishment. The new mode of collaborativesupervision has madean active exploration and attemptin changingthe ideological concept,supervision mode and management method. According to the principles of “commitmentis supervision” and “publicity is supervision”, the market subjects are encouragedto strengthen self-disciplining, so that the market is invigorated and orderly,the business environment is further optimized and the vitality of the market subjectsare stimulated.

        (II)Realizing the turning from single supervision to social co-governing

As the reform of delegating power, streamlining government,optimizing service is constantly deepened and new business patterns are emergingsuccessively, supervision in the traditional mode by relying on the existingforce of the regulatory department has become unsuitable for the socialdevelopment trend. The new mode of collaborative supervision, which mobilizesall social sides to participate in co-governing and enhances credit constraint,social supervision, has injected brand new epoch elements for comprehensivesupervision, highlighted the public nature of the supervising object and thediversity of supervision mode. In implementing supervision, the governmentmakes accurate supervision and scientific decision-making in the link of marketoperation instead of being limited to ordering and controlling. As a result,the effect of supervision has improved significantly.

        (III)Realizing the turning from passive inspection reception to activeself-disciplining

General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance tothe construction of socialcredibility, stressing the need to improve the rewardmechanism for abiding by the law and keeping faith and the punishment mechanismfor law and faith breaking, so that people dare not break faith and cannotbreak faith. The existing enterprise-related information collection and sharingmechanism tends to punish the faith-breaking subjects, increase the accessioncost and compress the surviving space of faith-breakers. The new mode ofcollaborative supervision selects the market subjects with good credit at thefront end, pays more attention to the positive incentive effect of credit, allowsthe faith-keepers to fully enjoy the dividends of convenience from reformandcredit accumulation, and urges the market subjects to establish awareness ofcredit accumulation, keep promises, practice industrial self-disciplining moreactively and implement their responsibilities actively.

        III.Plan for next work

        (I)Improvingcredit supervision

Multiple measures such as enterprise information publicity,credit commitment, "double random, one open", classified credit riskmanagement, incentives for faith keeping, punishment for faith breaking, creditrepair, etc. shall be used comprehensively to provide good support andguarantee for the new mode of collaborative supervision.

        (II)Improving institutional mechanism

Being objective, accurate, appropriate in the content ofpublicity, rigorous, standard, efficient in procedure and clear in rights,obligations and responsibilities for relevant subjects shall be realized.

        (III) Improving accurate supervision

The publicized data analysis function shall be used toaccurately focus on the acts against laws and regulations occurring frequently inthe jurisdiction, improve the ability to perceive, predict and prevent illegal acts,reasonably determine the matters and frequency for key supervision andinspection, and strive to improve the effectiveness and accuracy of supervisionand law enforcement.