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Transport hub
    DFTZ is only 25km away from Dalian downtown, so it enjoys favorable highway and railway conditions. Highways radiate in all directions, including the dedicated port highway from Shenyang – Dalian Expressway to Dayao Bay; a dedicated line of Shenyang – Dalian Railway is available. Hence, DFTZ enjoys much developed highway and railway traffic conditions. DFTZ owns the world’s best fundamental conditions for marine traffic, which is extremely convenient for cargo import and export.  

I. About the Port 

    The DFTZ port is located in the center of Northeast Asia Economic Circle and to the southernmost tip of Liaodong Peninsula. Deep, vast, ice-free and silt-free, it is the major marine gateway of Northeast China and is famed as the closest port from North China to the world. As early as in 2003, the Central Government has proposed to build Dalian into an important International Shipping Center in Northeast Asia; and in 2009, it put forward “promoting the resource integration of ports in Liaoning Province and build up a port cluster based on Dalian Port”.  Under such advantageous development environment, DFTZ port has become a rising bright star.  

1. Port Construction 
    Dalian has reached a new climax of port infrastructure construction ever since 2002. Based on “one island and three bays”, great importance is attached to constructing the “seven modules”. Therein, six modules are settled in DFTZ: 
(1) Oil and liquid chemicals storage, transshipment and distribution center: The largest oil transshipment terminal in Northeast China and one of the three largest oil transshipment centers nationwide.  
(2) Container hub port: The largest container hub port in Northeast China and the second largest container transshipment port in China. 
(3) Automobile transshipment and distribution center: One of the largest specialized automobile terminals in China and one of the four marine ports for imported cars approved by Chinese government.  
(4) Ore distribution center: One of the largest and most advanced specialized ore terminals in China.  
(5) Bulk and general cargo transshipment center: One of the most important bulk and general cargo transshipment centers in Northeast China.  
(6) Grain transshipment center: An important port for grain import and export in China. 

2. Throughput Capacity of Dalian Port (2007-2009) 

 

2009

2008

2007

Port cargo throughput (100 million tons)

2.04

1.85

1.66

Proportion of port cargo throughput

75.00%

75.31%

74.24%

Container throughput (10,000 TEU)

548.5

545.2

424.8


3. About Dayao Bay Port Area 
    Dayao Bay Port Area is the most important container hub port in Northeast China. 85 domestic and international container lines are available here, with the scheduled sailings more than 400 per month. Over 90% foreign trade containers of the Three Northeast Provinces are transshipped in Dalian Port. The container port area can berth the container ships above 12,000 TEU at the most, with the annual throughput of 5.05 million TEU. 
    As an integral part and future development space of Dayao Bay Container Port Area, Dayao Bay North Port Area will be invested for constructing the port infrastructure as well as logistics park and business service zone. The planned frontage is about 6400m long, capable of allocating 19 medium and large-sized container berths, with the designed annual throughput up to 10 million TEU. 

II. Introduction to specialized terminals

1. Container Terminal
    Container Terminal is concentrated in south bank of Dayaowan Port Area, and divided into Phase I, II and III, among which, Phase I is run by Dalian Container Terminal Co., Ltd. (DCT), the joint venture of Dalian Port Container Co., Ltd. and PSA Corporation Ltd., and consists of 7 container berths. Phase II is run by Dalian Port Container Terminal Co., Ltd. (DPCM), the joint venture of Dalian Port Container Co., Ltd., COSCO, PSA Corporation Ltd. and Maersk (MSK). It is planned to build 6 berths, and four of which have been put into service. Phase III is run by Dalian International Container Terminal Co., Ltd., the joint venture of Dalian Port Container Co., Ltd., CSCL, Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK). It is planned to build 5 berths, and two of which have been completed.

2. Automobile Transshipment and Distribution Center
    The port of DFTZ has the largest and specialized automobile ro/ro terminal in China, which has been established jointly by Dalian Port Co., Ltd., Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK) and COSCO Pacific. The port is divided into two phases, including one 50,000T and one 10,000T berth to be built in Phase I, with annual throughput of 370,000 vehicles, and capacity to berth the largest automobile ro/ro in the world.

3. Oil and Liquid Chemicals Storage, Transshipment and Distribution Center
    New Port Area is the most advanced transshipment base for bulk liquid chemicals in Asia. Currently, the port area has 19 oil/liquid chemicals berths, with the tank capacity of 3990,000 cubic meters. As of April, total tank scale has achieved 9,440,000 cubic meters, and will reach 14,040,000 cubic meters by the end of the year, and annual throughput will be more than 77,810,000 tons. The port area owns the largest and most advanced 300,000T crude oil terminal in China, with annual throughput of more than 22 million tons. New crude oil terminal that was completed and put into service in 2009 can berth ultra large crude carriers (ULCC) of 450,000 tons.
    New Port Area is a modern integrated port, capable of loading, unloading, storing and transporting crude oil, product oil and liquid chemicals, and consisting of collection and distribution system, including water route, pipeline, railroad, and road. Phase I of National Strategic Reserve (Dalian) Base of 3,000,000m3, CNPC International Bonded Depot of 1,850,000 m3, CNPC Commercial Reserve Base of 1,400,000 m3 and CNPC International Crude Oil Reserve Depot of 8,400,000 m3 are also located here. 

4. Ore Distribution Center
     Ore terminal mainly provides loading & unloading, transshipment and logistics services on iron ores and other metallic ores to the steel works in the Northeast and North China. It owns two specialized berths, with the annual throughput of 17 million tons, and capacity to berth vessels of 300,000 and 150,000 tons. After the transformation and upgrade of 300,000T ore terminal this year, it will be capable of unloading ore carriers of 400,000 tons. 

5. Grain Transshipment Center
    As one important port of grain import and export in China, Bulk Grain Terminal is mainly engaged in unloading the grains, cement, coal, steels and groceries. It has 5 productive berths, with annual throughput of 7.2 million tons. Its bulk grain silos have the capacity of 815,000 tons, and there are also 1,000 specialized vehicles for bulk grain.

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Dalian Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Project
Dalian Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Project

    Dalian Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Project was approved by National Development and Reform Committee (NDRC) on Jan. 30, 2008 and commenced in April 18 officially. The project consists of the terminal, receiving station and gas transmission pipeline. The scale of construction for Phase I is 3 million tons/year, with annual gas supply of 8.4 billion cubic meters, and total investment more than ten billion, in which, the construction investment of the receiving station is 6.858 billion yuan, which will be completed and put into service in 2011.

Beiliang Port

    Beiliang Port is a large-scale modernized grain transshipment and logistics facility built by the State by using the World Bank loan. The port is located to the western tip of Dagushan Peninsula and to the south of Dongbei Street, about 50km from the central area of Dalian, and 40km from the airport, borders on Dayao Bay Container Port. It is an important integral part of Dalian International Shipping Center.
Beiliang Port
   10 productive berths are now available in Beiliang Port, including four bulk grain berths of 50,000-80,000 tons, one specialized vegetable oil berth of 30,000 tons, one multi-purpose (and container) berth of 50,000 tons, and four petrochemical berths of 30,000-100,000 tons. Its grain silos have the capacity of 1.50 million tons, including the state-owned grain reserves for 600,000 tons. There are 2400 L18 bulk-grain railway wagons. The loading efficiency in the terminal can reach 6,000 tons/hour and unloading and working efficiency for railroads can reach 2000 tons/hour. Furthermore, a national-level grain & oil inspection center and an integrated grain & oil logistics information platform are also available. Bulk grain liner routes from Beiliang Port to Chiwan Port (Shenzhen), Jiangyin Port, Nantong Port, Guangzhou Port, Xiamen Port, Haikou Port and Longkou Port etc. In 2009, Beiliang Port achieved the throughput of 11 million tons and self-run grain trade reached over 1 million tons.
    Beiliang Port Bulk Grain Terminal was run by China Grain & Logistics Beiliang Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Beiliang Co.). Incorporated in July 1993 with the registered capital of 420 million Yuan, Beiliang Co., Ltd. is a large-scale state-owned grain logistics enterprise share-held by China Grain & Logistics. Beiliang Co. is mainly engaged in grain storage, transportation, transshipment, processing, trade, futures and bonded service, and sideline in petrochemicals, container and groceries port logistics, etc. The Company currently owns 663 employees and has the total assets up to 5 billion Yuan. At present, Beiliang Co. has more than 20 wholly-owned, holding or share subsidiaries, which are engaged in grain logistics, trade, processing, real estate, hotel and financial services.
    Based on Beiliang port, Beiliang Co. develops vigorously port industry based on grain and oil processing and logistics. So far, the grain processing enterprises like Nisshin OilliO, Heilongjiang Jiusan Huiliang, and Sojitz Food as well as the oil logistics enterprises like SINOPEC have been settled here, making Beiliang Port one of the largest grain and oil food processing bases in North China.

Container Terminal

    Container Terminal is concentrated in south bank of Dayaowan Port Area, and divided into Phase I, II and III, among which, Phase I is run by Dalian Container Terminal Co., Ltd. (DCT), the joint venture of Dalian Port Container Co., Ltd. and PSA Corporation Ltd., and consists of 7 container berths. Phase II is run by Dalian Port Container Terminal Co., Ltd. (DPCM), the joint venture of Dalian Port Container Co., Ltd., COSCO, PSA Corporation Ltd. and Maersk (MSK). It is planned to build 6 berths, and four of which have been put into service currently. Phase III is run by Dalian International Container Terminal Co., Ltd., the joint venture of Dalian Port Container Co., Ltd., CSCL, Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK). It is planned to build 5 berths, and two of which have been completed.
Container Terminal 
Ore Terminal

    Dalian Ore Terminal has the largest and most advanced 300,000T ore discharging berth, with the draft of -23m, and capacity to berth all seaworthy bulk ore carriers in the world. 150,000T transit terminal, with -18.6 water depth, can unload 20000T vessels and have capacity of cleaning operation on the 150,000T vessels, with the loading capacity of 10,000~70,000T.
300,000T ore terminal is equipped with 3 grab buckets to carry 64T bridge type grab ship unloader, and average discharging efficiency for each one is 2500 tons/hour. Single tract loading capacity can reach 4500 tons/hour, which shall only cost 48 seconds to load a car.
Ore terminal 
    Ore terminal yard covers an area of 372,000m2, which can stockpile 5 million tons of ores in one time, with the annual throughput capacity of 24 million tons. It commenced construction on Jul. 10, 2002, conducted pilot run on Jun. 7, 2004, and was put into use on Sept. 26, 2004, with a total investment of 1.63 billion yuan. 

Oil Storage and Transportation Base
Layout of Oil Storage and Transportation Base
1.Regional location 
    Dalian New Port Oil Storage and Transportation Base, located to the northeast of Dalian and east of Dalian Bay, lies in Nianyu Bay, east of Dagushan peninsula, with Dayao Bay Bonded Port on its north, the Yellow Sea on its south, and across the sea from Ganjingzi District on its southwest. It is 10km away from Dalian Economic and Technological Development Area and 3km away from West Pacific Petrochemical Company Ltd. Dalian (WEPEC), with the length of 5,100m from east to west, and 5,600m from north to south, covering a floor area of 11.76 sq.km. and becoming the major oils work zone newly developed in Dalian. The base enjoys a good geographical location, with small wave and deep water, thus it is an ideal place for import and export of products of petrochemical enterprises in China.
    The base has convenient transportation, including Chuangye Road, running from south to north throughout the entire port and leading to DDA. In terms of east-west direction, Yingbin Road, connected with Chuangye Road, and running northwestward for Hainian Highway to connect with West Pacific Petrochemical Company Ltd. Dalian (WEPEC) and lead to DDA. Furthermore, the base boosts external traffic conditions, such as, Huanghai Avenue, running from southwest to northeast in DDA, is connected with Shenyang-Dalian Expressway, G201 and G202. 

2.Port
    Oil Storage and Transportation Base is designed to have an annual throughput of 200 million tons, with 25 specialized berths for crude oil and product oil, including 17 berths that have been completed and put into service, 300,000T oil terminal and 150,000T product oil terminal. In May 2004, 300,000T oil terminal was completed and put into service in Dalian Port; in 2005, Dalian Port initiated WEPEC oil terminal; in 2006, Dalian Port launched Relocation and Transformation for Old Port Area, Phase III of Dayaowan Container Terminal, and Expansion and Reconstruction of Jinyao Multi-track Railway (Jinzhou-Dayaowan). With the investment of 30 billion yuan, above-mentioned projects and the collection and distribution system will lay a solid foundation for the construction of Oil Storage and Transportation Base.

3.Planning 
    Unified planning on the land within New Port Town will be carried out in accordance with master plan for urban development of Dalian and master plan of Dagushan peninsula, combining with general layout of new port oil storage and transportation, and locating the planning area as a globally influential, China’s largest, and modern oil storage & transportation and transit base, mainly storing crude oil, product oil, liquid chemicals and liquefied natural gas (LNG), and supporting planning of auxiliary production facilities for oils, liquefied natural gas (LNG). Speed up the planning and build offshore crude oil transit system, as well as pipelines, railways, roads and other kinds of specialized collection and distribution system for oils to connect the port. Total planning area is approx. 6.7sq.km. The land development shall be subject to the principle of integrated planning and distributed implementation.
  The planning area, located in Dayaowan Port, east of Dagushan Peninsula, is one of international deepwater transit ports developed and constructed by the country. Lying in the center of Circum-Bohai Sea Economic Zone, Northeast Economic Zone and Northeast Asian Economic Zone, the new port enjoys excellent regional advantage, as well as port and transportation, rail, roads and air conditions.
    As it is a national-level Oil Storage and Transportation Base, the existing construction land can’t meet the requirement of construction, thus, transformation should be conducted on part of land within the scope, by means of excavation and reclamation, so as to produce sufficient construction land to satisfy the requirement of construction project. Oil collection and distribution center of Northeast Asia and main oil strategic base of the country shall be established by virtue of advantaged natural conditions, expanding reserve capacity and exploring new oil reserve method.
Under the requirement of urban planning and development in Dalian and master plan of Dagushan peninsula, the planning area shall be divided into six areas in accordance with the predictive analysis for oil market, that is: product oil and liquid chemicals area, crude oil tank area, national oil reserve area, commercial oil reserve area, auxiliary production area and liquefied natural gas (LNG) receiving station.

4.Construction
    At present, New Port Oil Storage &Transportation and Distribution Base have over 20 million cubic meters of completed or under-construction oil reserves, which will reach 100 million tons of throughput capacity within three years and 30 million cubic meters of storage capacity, and become the largest international energy port in China with global impact.
  Dalian 300,000T crude oil terminal can berth very large crude carrier (VLCC), 440,000T oil tanker by tide or with load decreased, and a 100,000T oil tanker, so as to satisfy the needs of crude oil transshipment. The terminal layout is butterfly-shaped, with 510m berth length, and -25m water depth, the approach bridge in arched shape is made of 5-span, 585m long tube, the entire terminal is spectacular and magnificent.
  Annual throughput of the terminal is designed to have 22.86 million tons, with recent transportation volume of 10 million tons and forward volume of 22 million tons. This terminal commenced on Sept. 17, 2009, conducted pilot run on Jun. 7, 2004, and was put into use on Sept. 26, 2004, with a total investment of 530 million yuan. 
A 300,000T crude oil terminal can also berth 500,000T oil tankers, with the annual throughput capacity of 21.1 million tons.